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by Grenera Blog on September 16, 2022

Introduction to Moringa:

Organic Moringa Farming methods in India is an easy and profitable one. Among the number of vegetable crops, Moringa is the best one for organic cultivation. Because Moringa is a fast-growing plant, it does not need a large amount of water supply and requires minimal care and low maintenance. Moringa is a nutrient-rich tree. It contains antioxidants, calcium, minerals, etc.  The tree grows in tropical, and subtropical regions, mostly grown in India. It is also known as a horseradish tree, miracle tree, or drumstick tree. Moringa can grow 30-33 feet in height. Moringa tree is not affected by very serious diseases when it grows in native. Moringa leaves are green in color, the flower is yellowish white, and the bark is whitish grey in color. Flowering occurs only once a year, flowering begins the first six months after planting. In cultivation, we can cut the upper branch of the tree, which helps the dense branches. India is the largest producer of Moringa and its annual production is 1.2 million tonnes. 

Requirement of Moringa farming:

Here we have discussed soil conditions, how to choose moringa/how to grow moringa, and propagation. Moringa trees are well grown in loam soil/agriculture soil (combination of sand, slit, and clay soil ). It can retain moisture as well as nutrients. It is one of the organic moringa farming methods in India. Grenera Nutrients Private Limited, we are using PKM1 variety of Moringa Seed. PKM means Periyakulam, this name was developed by the Horticulture Research Station of TNAU. It is a commercially viable one. The trees are short but have a high pod yield. The trees flowering for 3 months and harvesting 5 months to 6 months after planting. PH range from 6.0 to 7.0 and the temperature of 25 to 35ºC should be maintained for the Moringa tree grows. There are two types of propagation available. One is Vegetative propagation, another one is artificial propagation. Among, Moringa is grown from Stem cutting or seed is the best choice. Stem cutting method: It is a simple method of artificial propagation. Cutting a plant part like a stem into the soil. Seed germination method: The seed will grow as an organism.

Moringa Cultivation:

500gram seeds are required or 1 hectare for Moringa cultivation. Two seeds per pit, depth 2 to 3cm, spacing should be 3m x 3m should be maintained for intense moringa cultivation. Organic fertilizers are used for better yielding and crop growth. Organic fertilizers or compost can be mixed with soil for better yield. Organic fertilizer is important for organic moringa farming methods in India. Vermicomposting, Panchagavya, and mulching importance are discussed here. Vermicomposting is prepared from the excrement of earthworms. It is rich in carbon content which builds the soil structure. Panchagavya consists of cow dung, cow ghee, cow urine, water, cow milk, cow curd, tender coconut water, jaggery, and well-ripened poovan banana. It increases the yield and is resistant to pests and diseases. Mulching is the practice of adding composted plant materials such as straw, and hay to help with weed suppression, water retention, and plant fertility. Moringa is resistant to many pests, but termites are an issue for established trees also. Mulching can help with this issue.

Harvesting process and Grenera Moringa:

Harvesting of leaves manually done using a sharp knife or pair of shears. This is applicable to small-scale production. On a large scale, harvesting is done by mechanical method. Pods reach maturity, it harvested immediately. Pods that turn brownish will open easily and get the seeds. Immature, tender pods are harvested. In Moringa cultivation can yield 20 tonnes of pods, and 30 tonnes of moringa leaves per acre per year approximately. Grenera is the pioneer manufacturing Moringa and herbal supplement products company. We own 50 acres of organic moringa farms. Our farms are Ecocert. Ecocert is the certification body that ensures the product is as per the social and environmental standards. We test each and every batch of our products with our quality team as well as third-party certified laboratories. So we ensure the safety of our all products. The demand for Moringa leaves and Moringa final products are high in the local and global market due to the nutritional value. So organic moringa farming methods in India is the most needed one.